12月3日雅思写作真题回顾解析

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12月3日雅思写作真题回顾解析

2016年12月3号雅思作文TASK 2:Some countries achieve international sporting success by
building specialized facilities that can be only used to train top athletes
instead of providing facilities that everyone can use. Is this a positive or
negative development?

12月3日雅思写作真题回顾解析图1

传送门:12月3日雅思真题大作文范文汇总

一些国家为了取得国际赛事的成功,只提供顶尖运动员训练的专门设备,而不是提供人人皆能使用的体育设备,你认为这是个好还是不好的发展?

解析:

今年的考题趋势: 老题翻新 新题极少(2016. 2.27/ 10.13)
题型频率维稳。果然,此次考题是2014年7月10号的原题,属于政府范畴类,一般涉及此类话题,基本是关于政府出钱投资类的方向,比如政府付学费,政府对于医疗、艺术的投资,或者保护传统建筑等,本题主要考量的是政府对于体育运动的投资,是着眼于少部分还是施惠于大众。

这道题目是“利弊类”话题,最好采用双边讨论的方法,即谈“利”和“弊”,然后给出自己的倾向。

结构:沿用我一贯提倡的A+(支持面) B+/B-(对立面提出一个观点,然后进行反驳)的结构模式

P1: 引入话题+立场( drawbacks outweigh the benefits)

P2: 弊(支持面):

Excessive investment in training elite sportsmen might have more demerits in
the long run.

? sponsored by taxpayers while they usually have no free access to those
facilities, and they are likely to experience a sense of disappointment

? demotivate the public to be keen on sports

P3: 利(对立面):

Nurturing more exceptional professional players exerts a positive impact on
improving a nation’s status in the international arena. A nation with great
competitiveness in sports is more likely to stand out in the world.

However, the government should not trade its fellow citizens’ well-being for
such prestige. The great expenditure should have been take better advantage of
to improve the domestic infrastructure which brings tangible benefits to
citizens.

P4: 总结正文,重申立场

政府类类似话题还有如下:

1, 讨论政府是否该为大众医疗买单

Some people believe that governments should pay for healthcare, while others
say that it is not the government’s responsibility. Discuss both these views and
give your own opinion.

此题提干呈现的是“政府该为大众医疗买单”和“为大众医疗支出买单不是政府责任”这两个观点,在内容上都比较极端和片面。所以可以从“政府和个人应该共同承担医疗费用”的观点着手,那么主体段内容大致如下:

P2: Those who object to the government’s sponsorship for public healthcare
must consider the state’s role in caring for its
people.反对国家资助医疗的人,要考虑到政府在照顾国民方面的角色。

政府有责任提供尽可能好的福利(social welfare),对国民幸福(well-being)来说,医疗服务具有最根本的意义(be
fundamental to)

P3: However, an individual in need of medical care should have realistic
expectations of the government, and be prepared to bear some of the costs for
their medical treatment.然而,需要医疗帮助的人最好对政府有比较实际的期望,并准备好承担部分费用。

政府没有足够的钱(enough resources)为每个人提供免费医疗。

2, 讨论政府是否该为大学教育买单

Instead of asking the government to bear the cost of higher education,
students should pay tuition fees themselves. Do you agree or disagree with this
statement?

此题提干涉及到了是政府付高等教育费用还是学生个人承担,关键词“higher
education”,这个要注意,不是中小学的基础教育而是高等教育(不具有义务性),并且提到了两个主体,所以我们最好是两边讨论。立场站定在”个人承担“,主体段落大致内容如下:

P2: Students affording the tertiary educational expenses can avoid the waste
of public resources.学生承担高等教育费用可以避免公共资源浪费。

免费教育(free access to education)可能是很多学生不想尽早完成学习(complete/finish the
courses)和就业(enter the workforce)的一个原因。

P3: Government covering the tuition fees can grant those students who are of
low socio-economic status equal opportunities to receive university education.
政府付钱可以给这些穷人家的孩子接受大学教育的平等机会。

比如,对读法学或医学(medical care)的学生来说,念大学是一个昂贵的选择(an expensive option)。

然而,这类学生毕竟在少数(account for a small proportion),可以对这类学生进行资助,但是不能因为这个原因就免大学学费

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